US price levels, 1800–2000Red line marks leaving silver standardAn ancient Greek coin, struck under Roman rule.British fifty pence coinGold sovereigns and a Krugerrand
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Coins: Ancient

A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is issued by a government to be used as a form of money. Along with banknotes, coins make up the cash forms of all modern money systems. more...

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Coin Appraisals

Coins are usually used for lower-valued units, and banknotes are usually used for the higher values; also, in most money systems, the highest value coin is worth less than the lowest-value note.

Collecting coins

See Coin collecting and Numismatics for more information on the collecting of coins, bank notes, token coins and Exonumia.

The value of a coin

The market exchange value of a coin comes from its historic value, and/or the intrinsic value of the component metal (for example gold coins, silver coins or platinum coins).

However, in modern times, most coins are made of a base metal and their value comes strictly from their status as fiat money. This means that the value of the coin is decreed by government fiat rather than agreed by the people, which really makes it less a coin and more a token in the strictest sense.

To distinguish between these two types of coins, as well as from other forms of tokens which have been used as money, monetary scholars have defined three criteria that an object must meet to be a "true coin". These criteria are:

  1. It must be made of a valuable material, and trade for close to the market value of that material.
  2. It must be of a standardized weight and purity.
  3. It must be marked to identify the authority that guarantees the content.

By the above definition, the invention and first known usage of coins comes from the Kingdom of Lydia circa 643-630 B.C. Under three generations of Lydian kings, the money of Lydia gradually moved from being lumps of electrum (a naturally occurring alloy of silver and gold) to coins of a guaranteed weight and purity, marked with the seal of the King. True coins also developed very close to this time frame in both India and China.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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$121.00 Ancient Arabia Decapolis. Petra. Hadrian. Ad 117-138. Æ bronze coin.Ancient Arabia Decapolis. Petra. Hadrian. Ad 117-138. Æ bronze coin. $49.99
Roman coins, Claudius Ii, AntoninianusRoman coins, Claudius Ii, Antoninianus $182.00 Bysantine Empire, Maurice Tibère, DecanummiumBysantine Empire, Maurice Tibère, Decanummium $137.00
Roman coins, Diocletian, AurelianusRoman coins, Diocletian, Aurelianus $46.00 Roman coins, Claudius the first, AsRoman coins, Claudius the first, As $304.00
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Bysantine Empire, Constantin Viii, FollisBysantine Empire, Constantin Viii, Follis $121.00 Crispus. Caesar, Ad 316-326. Æ Follis Ancient Roman Imperial bronze coin.Crispus. Caesar, Ad 316-326. Æ Follis Ancient Roman Imperial bronze coin. $49.99
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Zurqieh -aa221- Egypt.Alexandria.Severus Alexander Ad 222-235.Billon TetradrachmZurqieh -aa221- Egypt.Alexandria.Severus Alexander Ad 222-235.Billon Tetradrachm $48.00 Roman coins, Gordien Iii, AntoninienRoman coins, Gordien Iii, Antoninien $197.00
Ancient Greek Silver Drachm Coin Macedonia Philip Iii Arrhidaios Kolophon 323-31Ancient Greek Silver Drachm Coin Macedonia Philip Iii Arrhidaios Kolophon 323-31 $111.03 Maxentius Enemy of Constantine the Great Roman Coin Castor & Pollux i35269Maxentius Enemy of Constantine the Great Roman Coin Castor & Pollux i35269 $87.75 Was: Previous Price $325.00
Bysantine Empire, Phocas, FollisBysantine Empire, Phocas, Follis $182.00 Treasure Coin Soy Candles - contain ancient Roman, Greek, and Pirate TreasureTreasure Coin Soy Candles - contain ancient Roman, Greek, and Pirate Treasure $19.99
Bysantine Empire, Justinien Ist, DecanummiumBysantine Empire, Justinien Ist, Decanummium $137.00 Alexander the Great Iii Ar Tetradrachm Coin 336-323 Bc - Certified Ngc Vf!Alexander the Great Iii Ar Tetradrachm Coin 336-323 Bc - Certified Ngc Vf! $371.30 Was: Previous Price $395.00
Roman coins, Theodora, NummusRoman coins, Theodora, Nummus $137.00 Roman Imperial - Aelius, Caesar (136-138Ad) Ae Sestertius.Head right, R FortunaRoman Imperial - Aelius, Caesar (136-138Ad) Ae Sestertius.Head right, R Fortuna $326.10
Roman coins, Crispus, NummusRoman coins, Crispus, Nummus $83.00 Rotary Roman Styled Bronze Medal for Congresso Regione Enaem 1970 Madonna RomeRotary Roman Styled Bronze Medal for Congresso Regione Enaem 1970 Madonna Rome $99.00
Vintage Phillip 1St 244-249 Ad Ancient Roman CoinVintage Phillip 1St 244-249 Ad Ancient Roman Coin $49.00 Roman coins, Antoninus Pius, SestertiusRoman coins, Antoninus Pius, Sestertius $455.00
Roman coins, Alexandre Sévère, DenierRoman coins, Alexandre Sévère, Denier $228.00 Philip Ii Alexander the Great Dad Olympic Games Ancient Greek Coin Horse i51640Philip Ii Alexander the Great Dad Olympic Games Ancient Greek Coin Horse i51640 $125.00
Roman coins, Constantine Ist, NummusRoman coins, Constantine Ist, Nummus $68.00 Roman coins, Herennius Etruscus, Silver AntoninianusRoman coins, Herennius Etruscus, Silver Antoninianus $182.00
Bysantine Empire, Justin Ii, FollisBysantine Empire, Justin Ii, Follis $228.00 Greek coins, Lesbos, Hecté in ElectrumGreek coins, Lesbos, Hecté in Electrum $1,063.00
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See also...
Byzantine, Coins: Ancient
Celtic, Coins: Ancient
China, Coins: Ancient
Greek, Coins: Ancient
Islamic, Coins: Ancient
Medieval, Coins: Ancient
Other, Coins: Ancient
Persian, Indian, Asian, Coins: Ancient
Reproductions, Coins: Ancient
Roman: Imperial, Coins: Ancient
Roman: Provincial, Coins: Ancient
Roman: Republic, Coins: Ancient

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